Forklift 101

We know where forklifts are utilized

A forklift is a compact industrial vehicle with a power-operated forked platform connected to the front that can be lifted and lowered to lift or move items. Forklifts are used in a variety of sectors, such as warehouses and big storage facilities. They are frequent in warehouses, building sites, and other areas where a lot of heavy goods need to be transported.

We know where forklifts are utilized, but how do they work?

Electric batteries or combustion engines are used to power forklifts. Some forklifts enable drivers to sit while operating the equipment, while others require them to stand.

The purpose of the forklift is to transport big objects over long distances in varied terrain. It is beneficial for tasks that require a lot of supplies in different areas and saves time and effort in lifting, carrying, and transporting them.

How do forklifts work

Parts of a forklift include:

●          Carriage

●          Counterweight

●          Truck Frame

●          Mast

●          Power Source

●          Load back-rest

Read this part to find out more about Toyota forklift parts.


The forklift is supported by the carriage. The carriage is mounted on mast rails and may simply be adjusted up and down. They connect to a forklift carriage, which acts as a support platform. The carriage is critical because it is used to connect things to the mast chains, such as forks, the load backrest, and attachments, allowing loads to move up and down the mast channel.


Its sole duty is to load items of various sizes, shapes, and weights onto their forks. Forklifts require additional weight to secure the counterweight while lifting and carrying big objects. To keep the forklift from toppling over, counterweights are installed.

Do I need a license to operate a forklift, just like a car

To remove a counterweight from a forklift, you will need to use another forklift or a winch to take the weight off the forklift and deposit it in a storage area. Many counterweights are between 3,000 and 5,000 pounds in weight.

Truck Frame

The truck frame is the most important component, as it serves as the machine’s foundation. It supports all of the forklift’s major components, including the wheels, counterweight, and mast. The truck frame of a forklift is similar to a car’s chassis which is the metal frame to which several of the key forklift components, such as the wheels, engine, mast, counterweight, and overhead guard, are attached. Tanks for gasoline or hydraulic fluids are incorporated into the vehicle frame in certain forklifts.


The weight is raised and lowered by the mast. It also provides horizontal control thanks to interlocking rails. The forklift mast is in charge of the forklift’s main function. The claws and carriage are raised with the weight by the interconnecting rails in front of the forklift. At least one hydraulic cylinder drives these rails, either directly or by chains driven by the cylinders.

Power Source

Electric batteries or combustion engines fueled by two primary components, diesel or gas, are used to power forklifts. An internal combustion engine provides power to the forklift. LPG, CNG, diesel, and natural gas may all be used to power the engine. Fuel cells or Lead Acid Batteries provide electricity to electric forklifts.

Load back-rest

Backrests for loads play a critical part in keeping drivers safe. They keep the load on your forklift from dropping toward the driver. It has a steel grid above the prongs and a heavy-duty steel frame that connects to the sides of the forklift carriage. This component prevents the load from moving rearward.

Do I need a license to operate a forklift, just like a car?

A forklift will not operate like a vehicle or truck. A forklift is significantly heavier than a car because of the counterbalance above its back wheels. As a result, it is unable to swiftly stop or turn. The steering of a forklift differs from that of a car.

Forklifts may be used to swiftly lift, carry, and move heavy things, but you must first be certified to use one. You will need to attend a few classroom sessions, undergo hands-on training, and then pass an exam to get this certification. 

In-person training can cost anywhere from $150 to $200, while online courses can be as low as $50. Because licensed forklift operators are needed by law, certain businesses may pay for your training.


A forklift can only be operated by certified people who have undergone training and certification. Forklifts are used to carry large or heavy products around warehouses, storage facilities, and construction sites.

The cost to attain the certificate with classes can vary depending on the program and duration. A three to four-day program can cost anywhere from $350 to $620, while a one-day training will be as low as $150. Individuals without a Land Transport Authority (LTA) Class 3 driver’s license will be required to take extra lessons and this will result in more cost.

Safety Regulations

As part of your inspections, make sure that all of the truck’s levers, controls, and pedals are in good operating condition. Make that all of your lights, including your indicators, are operating correctly. Minor flaws might sometimes lead to mishaps, so be cautious and report anything that is not working properly.

Immediately switch off your engine if your oil levels are dropping at a quicker rate than they should be and report the problem to the manufacturer.

Wondering why you should report and not leave it to rest? There could be a potentially dangerous leakage in the forklift.

How much does a forklift cost?

How much does a forklift cost

Forklift companies in Singapore usually retail their forklifts between $15,000 to $100,000 and more. Toyota Material Handling is the world’s leading forklift manufacturer and a best-selling brand. They are most well-known in the United States. Toyota forklift parts are among the best in the world since they provide a wide range of material handling equipment and are recognized for their creative manufacturing techniques.

The more efficient the forklift, the more costly it will be. It is a good idea to figure out how large your forklift needs to be ahead of time so you do not overspend. The better the quality, the higher the value will be. If you are considering buying a cheap forklift, consider how much it will cost you in the long run. The price of the forklift is not the only expense you will face. Do think about how much it will cost to run your forklift before making your purchase.

Where to buy a forklift in Singapore?

If you are considering saving some cash on forklifts, forklift sales in Singapore can be found from a local brand called Forklift Singapore. They provide second hand equipment at the lowest prices, from used Toyota forklifts parts to used forklifts and batteries.

Where to buy a forklift in Singapore

You can find one of the best second hand Toyota forklifts here:

ModelToyota Battery Reach Truck2.5 Toyota Battery Forklift 8FBN25 (2014)2 Ton Toyota Diesel Forklift 8FD30 (2015)
Loading capacity900kg to 3000kg2500kg3000kg
height 3m to 6m4.7m7m
Type of EngineRuns on electric/batteryRuns on electric/batteryRuns on diesel

Overall, forklifts are excellent heavy equipment for carrying and transporting goods across a job site with minimal effort. If you have been engaged but do not have a certificate, it is the responsibility of your employer to provide you with the necessary training.

A forklift certificate does not have an expiration date but it is recommended for forklift operators to receive refresher training sessions every three years to keep up with the latest trends and info about forklifts.